Подписаться

TRB245 Interfaces

Резюме
Страница Интерфейсы используется для настройки сетевых интерфейсов.

На этой странице руководства представлен обзор окон интерфейсов в устройствах TRB245.

Если у вас возникают проблемы с поиском этой страницы или некоторых параметров, описанных здесь, в веб-интерфейсе вашего устройства, вам следует включить режим «Расширенный веб-интерфейс». Это можно сделать, нажав кнопку «Основные» в разделе «Режим», который находится в правом верхнем углу веб-интерфейса.

mceclip0.png

Сетевые интерфейсы
В разделе «Сетевые интерфейсы» отображаются интерфейсы, которые в данный момент существуют на этом устройстве.

mceclip1.png

Добавить интерфейс
Раздел Добавить интерфейс используется для создания дополнительных сетевых интерфейсов. Чтобы создать новый интерфейс, просто введите для него свое имя и нажмите кнопку «Добавить».

mceclip2.png

Конфигурация интерфейса
Этот раздел предоставляет информацию о конфигурации сетевого интерфейса. На устройстве есть два основных типа интерфейсов:

Локальная сеть Ethernet
Мобильный WAN
Каждый тип использует обычно использует эти протоколы интерфейса:

  Static DHCP DHCPv6 PPPoE Mobile
Ethernet LAN
Blue check mark.png
       
Mobile WAN        
Blue check mark.png

Чтобы начать настройку интерфейса, нажмите кнопку «Изменить» в правой части интерфейса:

mceclip3.png

Интерфейсы: if_name
Этот раздел охватывает все параметры, непосредственно связанные с сетевым интерфейсом.

Общая настройка
Раздел General Setup используется для настройки протокола и всех различных параметров, которые соответствуют каждому протоколу. Этот раздел отличается для каждого протокола.

Общая настройка: статическая
Статический протокол использует предопределенную ручную конфигурацию вместо автоматического получения параметров через аренду DHCP.

mceclip4.png

Field Value Description
IPv4 address ip4; default[for LAN]: 192.168.1.1 The IPv4 address interface of this interface. An IP address identifies a device on a network and allows it to communicate with other devices.
IPv4 netmask netmask; default[for LAN]: 255.255.255.0 The IPv4 netmask of this interface. A netmask is used to define how "large" a network is by specifying which part of the IP address denotes the network and which part denotes a device.
IPv4 gateway ip4; default: none The IPv4 gateway address used by this interface. An interface's default gateway is the default address through which all outgoing traffic is directed.
IPv4 broadcast ip4; default: none The IPv4 broadcast address used by this interface. IP broadcasts are used by BOOTP and DHCP clients to find and send requests to their respective servers.
DNS servers ip4; default: none DNS server addresses that this interface will use. If left empty, DNS servers are assigned automatically. To see what DNS servers are currently used, you can check the contents of the /tmp/resolv.conf.auto file.

Общая настройка: DHCP
Протокол DHCP используется для настройки интерфейса, который автоматически получает параметры конфигурации через аренду DHCP.

mceclip5.png

Field Value Description
Hostname to send when requesting DHCP string; default: none A hostname for this interface used to identify this machine on the DHCP server.

Общая настройка: DHCPv6
Протокол DHCPv6 используется для настройки интерфейса IPv6, который автоматически получает параметры конфигурации через аренду DHCP.

mceclip6.png

Field Value Description
Request IPv6-address try | force | disabled; default: try Defines the behaviour for requesting an address.
Request IPv6-prefix of length integer [0..64] | Automatic | disabled ; default: Automatic Defines how this will request a IPv6 ULA-Prefix length. If set to 'disabled' the interface will obtain a single IPv6 address without a subnet for routing.

Общая настройка: PPPoE
Протокол PPPoE используется для настройки соединения PPP (двухточечный протокол) через порт Ethernet.

mceclip7.png

Field Value Description
PAP/CHAP username string; default: none Username used in PAP/CHAP authentication.
PAP/CHAP password string; default: none Password used in PAP/CHAP authentication.
Access Concentrator string; default: none The Access Concentrator to connect to. ISPs used Access Concentrators to route their PPPoE connections. Usually, the settings are received automatically, however in some cases it is required to specify the name for an Access Concentrator. Leave empty to detect Access Concentrators automatically.
Service name string; default: none The Service Name to connect to. Leave empty to detect Service name automatically.

Общая настройка: мобильный
Мобильный протокол используется для настройки интерфейса, который может устанавливать мобильное WAN-соединение.

mceclip8.png

Field Value Description
Mode NAT | Bridge | Passthrough; default: NAT Mobile connection operating mode.
  • NAT - the mobile connection uses NAT (network address translation).
  • Bridge - bridges the LTE data connection with LAN. The device assigns its WAN IP address to another device (first connected to LAN or specified with MAC address). Using Bridge mode will disable most of the device’s capabilities.
  • Passthrough - in this mode the TRB245 shares its WAN IP to a single LAN device (first connected to LAN or specified with MAC address). The LAN device will get WAN IP of TRB245 instead of LAN IP. Using Passthrough mode will disable most of the device’s capabilities.
PDP Type IPv4 | IPv6 | IPv4/IPv6; default: IPv4 Specifies what of address will be requested from the operator.
SIM SIM1 | SIM2; default: SIM1 Select which sim will be used for this interface.
Auto APN off | on; default: on The Auto APN feature scans an internal Android APN database and selects an APN based on the SIM card's operator and country. If the first automatically selected APN doesn't work, it attempts to use the next existing APN from the database.
APN / Custom APN string; default: none An Access Point Name (APN) is a gateway between a GSM, GPRS, 3G or 4G mobile network and another computer network. Depending on the contract, some operators may require you to use an APN just to complete the registration on a network. In other cases, APN is used to get special parameters from the operator (e.g., a public IP address) depending on the contract.
An APN Network Identifier cannot start with any of the following strings:
  • rac;
  • lac;
  • sgsn;
  • rnc;
it cannot end in:
  • .gprs;
and it cannot contain the asterisk symbol (*).
Authentication Type NONE | PAP | CHAP; default: NONE Authentication method that your GSM carrier uses to authenticate new connections on its network. If you select PAP or CHAP, you will also be required to enter a username and password.
Bridge | Passthrough: MAC Address mac; default: none Specifies the MAC address of the device that will receive the mobile interface's IP address in Bridge or Passthrough mode.
Note: this field only becomes visible when using Bridge or Passthrough mode.

Расширенные настройки
Раздел «Дополнительные настройки» используется для настройки некоторых более специфичных и менее часто используемых параметров интерфейса. Этот раздел отличается для каждого протокола.

Расширенные настройки: статический
Информация о расширенных настройках статического протокола приведена в таблице ниже.

mceclip9.png

Field Value Description
Bring up on boot off | on; default: on Specifies whether the interface should be launched during the boot process. If set to off, the interface would have to be brought up manually after each boot.
Use built in IPv6-management off | on; default: on Specifies whether to enable prefix delegation.
Force link off | on; default: on Specifies whether interface settings (IP, route, gateway) are assigned to the interface regardless of the link being active or only after the link has become active.
Override MAC address mac; default: none When set, uses a user-defined MAC address for the interface.
Override MTU integer [1..9200]; default: none Changes the interface's allowed maximum transmission unit (MTU) size. It is the largest size of a protocol data unit (PDU) that can be transmitted in a single network layer transaction.
Use gateway metric integer; default: none A metric specifies the priority of the gateway. The lower the metric, the higher the priority (0 for highest priority).
IPv6 assignment length integer [0..64] | disabled; default: 60 Delegates a prefix of given length to the interface.
IPv6 address ip6; default: none The interface's IPv6 address. An IP address identifies a device on a network and allows it to communicate with other devices.
NOTE: this field only becomes visible when IPv6 assignment length is set to disabled.
Note: this field only becomes visible when IPv6 assignment length is set to disabled
IPv6 gateway ip6; default: none IPv6 prefix routed here for use on other interfaces.
Note: this field only becomes visible when IPv6 assignment length is set to disabled.
IPv6 routed prefix ip6; default: none IPv6 prefix routed here for use on other interfaces.
Note: this field only becomes visible when IPv6 assignment length is set to disabled.
IPv6 assignment hint string; default: none The subprefix-ID that should be delegated as hexadecimal number.
IPv6 suffix ip6 suffix; default: none When an IPv6 prefix (like 'a:b:c:d::') is received from a delegating server, use a suffix (like '::1') to form an IPv6 address ('a:b:c:d::1') for the interface. Leave empty to generate a random suffix.

Расширенные настройки: DHCP
Информация о расширенных настройках для протокола DHCP приведена в таблице ниже.

mceclip10.png

Field Value Description
Bring up on boot off | on; default: on Specifies whether the interface should be launched during the boot process. If set to off, the interface would have to be brought up manually after each boot.
Use built-in IPv6 management off | on; default: on Specifies whether to enable prefix delegation.
Force link off | on; default: off Specifies whether interface settings (IP, route, gateway) are assigned to the interface regardless of the link being active or only after the link has become active.
Use broadcast flag off | on; default: off Required for certain ISPs. For example, Charter with DOCSIS 3.
Use default gateway off | on; default: on When checked, creates a default route for the interface.
Use DNS servers advertised by peer off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Use custom DNS servers off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Note: this field only becomes visible when Use DNS servers advertised by peer is set to off
Use gateway metric integer; default: none A metric specifies the priority of the gateway. The lower the metric, the higher the priority (0 for highest priority).
Client ID to send when requesting DHCP string; default: none Client ID which will be sent when requesting a DHCP lease.
Vendor Class to send when requesting DHCP string; default: none Vendor class which will be sent when requesting a DHCP lease.
Override MAC address mac; default: none Override MAC address of the WAN interface. For example, your ISP (Internet Service Provider) gives you a static IP address and it might also bind it to your computers MAC address (i.e., that IP will only work with your computer but not with your device). In this field you can enter your computer’s MAC address and fool the gateway in to thinking that it is communicating with your computer.
Override MTU integer [1..9200]; default: none Changes the interfaces allowed maximum transmission unit (MTU) size. It is the largest size of a protocol data unit (PDU) that can be transmitted in a single network layer transaction.

Расширенные настройки: DHCPv6
Информация о расширенных настройках протокола DHCPv6 приведена в таблице ниже.

mceclip11.png

Field Value Description
Bring up on boot off | on; default: on Specifies whether the interface should be launched during the boot process. If set to off, the interface would have to be brought up manually after each boot.
Use built in IPv6-management off | on; default: on Specifies whether to enable prefix delegation.
Force link off | on; default: off Specifies whether interface settings (IP, route, gateway) are assigned to the interface regardless of the link being active or only after the link has become active.
Use default gateway off | on; default: on When checked, creates a default route for the interface.
Use DNS servers advertised by peer off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Use custom DNS servers off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Note: this field only becomes visible when Use DNS servers advertised by peer is set to off
Custom delegated IPv6-prefix ip6 prefix; default: none Uses an (additional) user-provided IPv6 prefix for distribution to clients.
Client ID to send when requesting DHCP string; default: none Client ID which will be sent when requesting a DHCP lease.
Override MAC address mac; default: none When set, uses a user-defined MAC address for the interface.
Override MTU integer [1..9200]; default: none Changes the interface's allowed maximum transmission unit (MTU) size. It is the largest size of a protocol data unit (PDU) that can be transmitted in a single network layer transaction.

Расширенные настройки: PPPoE
Информация о расширенных настройках для протокола PPPoE представлена в таблице ниже.

mceclip12.png

Field Value Description
Bring up on boot off | on; default: on Specifies whether the interface should be launched during the boot process. If set to off, the interface would have to be brought up manually after each boot.
Use built-in IPv6 management off | on; default: on Specifies whether to enable prefix delegation.
Force link off | on; default: off Specifies whether interface settings (IP, route, gateway) are assigned to the interface regardless of the link being active or only after the link has become active.
Obtain IPv6 address Automatic | Disabled | Manual; default: Automatic Defines behaviour for obtaining an IPv6 address.
Use default gateway off | on; default: on When checked, creates a default route for the interface.
Use gateway metric integer; default: none A metric specifies the priority of the gateway. The lower the metric, the higher the priority (0 for highest priority).
Use DNS servers advertised by peer off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Use custom DNS servers off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Note: this field only becomes visible when Use DNS servers advertised by peer is set to off
LCP echo failure threshold integer; default: none Presumes peer to be dead after given amount of LCP echo failures. Leave it at 0 to ignore failures.
LCP echo interval integer; default: none Sends LCP echo requests at the given interval in seconds. This function is only effective in conjunction with failure threshold.
Host-Uniq tag content raw hex-encoded bytes; default: none Leave empty unless your ISP require this.
Inactivity timeout mac; default: none Close inactive connection after the given amount of seconds. Leave it at 0 to persist connection.
Override MTU integer [1..1500]; default: none Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) – specifies the largest possible size of a data packet.

Расширенные настройки: мобильный
Информация о расширенных настройках для мобильного протокола приведена в таблице ниже.

mceclip13.png

Field Value Description
Bring up on boot off | on; default: on Specifies whether the interface should be launched during the boot process. If set to off, the interface would have to be brought up manually after each boot.
Use built in IPv6-management off | on; default: on Specifies whether to enable prefix delegation.
Force link off | on; default: off Specifies whether interface settings (IP, route, gateway) are assigned to the interface regardless of the link being active or only after the link has become active.
Use DNS servers advertised by peer off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Use custom DNS servers off | on; default: on Specifies whether to use DNS servers obtained automatically or specified manually.
Note: this field only becomes visible when Use DNS servers advertised by peer is set to off
Use gateway metric integer; default: none A metric specifies the priority of the gateway. The lower the metric, the higher the priority (0 for highest priority).
Override MTU integer [1..9200]; default: none Changes the interface's allowed maximum transmission unit (MTU) size. It is the largest size of a protocol data unit (PDU) that can be transmitted in a single network layer transaction.

Физические настройки
Раздел «Физические параметры» используется для создания ассоциаций с физическими интерфейсами и мостовыми сетевыми интерфейсами.

mceclip14.png

Field Value Description
Bridge interfaces off | on; default: on Bridges physical interfaces specified in this configuration.
Enable STP off | on; default: off Turns the use of Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) for this interface on or off.
Interface network interface(s); default: eth0 Ties this network interface to physical device interfaces such as Ethernet.

Настройки брандмауэра
Раздел «Параметры брандмауэра» используется для указания, к какой зоне брандмауэра относится этот интерфейс.

mceclip15.png

Field Value Description
Create / Assign firewall-zone firewall zone; default: none Assigns this interface to the specified firewall zone.

DHCP-сервер
Сервер DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - это служба, которая может автоматически настраивать параметры TCP / IP любого устройства, запрашивающего такую службу. Если вы подключите устройство, которое было настроено на автоматическое получение IP-адреса, DHCP-сервер сдаст в аренду IP-адрес из доступного пула IP-адресов, и устройство сможет обмениваться данными в частной сети.

mceclip16.png

Для просмотра конфигурации DHCP-сервера протокол интерфейса должен быть установлен на Static.

DHCP-сервер: общие настройки
Раздел General Setup используется для настройки основных рабочих параметров DHCP-сервера.

mceclip17.png

Field Value Description
Enable DHCP Enable | Disable | DHCP Relay*; default: Enable Turns the DHCP server on or off or enables DHCP relay*.
If DHCP Relay* is selected, you will be prompted to enter an IP address of another DHCP server in your LAN. In this case, whenever a new machine connects to this device, it will redirect any DHCP requests to the specified DHCP Server.
Start integer [1..255]; default: 100 The starting IP address value. e.g., if your device’s LAN IP is 192.168.1.1 and your subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 that means that in your network a valid IP address has to be in the range of [192.168.1.0..192.168.1.254] (192.168.1.255 is a special unavailable address). If the Start value is set to 100 then the DHCP server will only lease out addresses starting from 192.168.1.100.
Limit integer [1..255]; default: 150 How many addresses the DHCP server can lease out. Continuing from the example above: if the start address is 192.168.1.100 and the server can lease out 150 addresses, available addresses will be from 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.249 (100 + 150 – 1 = 249; this is because the first address is inclusive).
Lease time integer [2..999999]m/h; default: 12h A DHCP lease will expire after the amount of time specified in this field and the device that was using the lease will have to request a new one. However, if the device stays connected, its lease will be renewed after half of the specified amount of time passes (e.g., if lease time is 12 hours, then every 6 hours the device will ask the DHCP server to renew its lease).
The minimal amount of time that can be specified is 2 minutes.

* Когда интерфейс настроен действовать как DHCP Relay, он перенаправляет все полученные сообщения DHCP запроса на другой сервер DHCP, указанным:

mceclip18.png

DHCP-сервер: дополнительные настройки
Обратитесь к таблице ниже для получения информации о разделе расширенных настроек.

mceclip19.png

Field Value Description
Dynamic DHCP off | on; default: on Enables dynamic allocation of client addresses. If this is disabled, only clients that have static IP leases will be served.
Force off | on; default: off The DHCP force function ensures that the device will always start it’s DHCP server, even if there is another DHCP server already running in the its network. By default the device’s DHCP server will not start when it is connected to a network segment that already has a working DHCP server.
IPv4 Netmask netmask; default: none Sends a different netmask than the LAN netmask to DHCP clients.
DHCP Options dhcp options; default: none Additional options to be added to the DHCP server. For example with '26,1470' or 'option:mtu, 1470' you can assign an MTU value per DHCP.

DHCP-сервер: настройки IPv6
Обратитесь к таблице ниже для получения информации о разделе настроек IPv6.

mceclip20.png

Field Value Description
Router Advertisement Service disabled | relay mode | server mode | hybrid mode; default: Disabled Specifies whether router advertisements should be enabled (server mode), relayed or disabled.
DHCPv6 Service disabled | relay mode | server mode | hybrid mode; default: Disabled Specifies whether DHCPv6 server should be enabled (server), relayed (relay) or disabled (disabled).
NDP Proxy disabled | relay mode | hybrid mode; default: Disabled Specifies whether NDP should be relayed or disabled.
DHCPv6 Mode stateless | stateful-only | stateless + stateful; default: stateless + stateful Router announcement (RA) mode.
Always announce default router off | on; default: off Default router lifetime in the the router announcement (RA) message will be set if default route is present and a global IPv6 address or if default route is present but no global IPv6 address or neither of both conditions.
Announced DNS server ip; default: none Supplements DHCP-assigned DNS server entries with ones specified in this field.
Announced DNS domains ip; default: none DNS domain handed out to DHCP clients.

Статическая аренда
Аренда статических IP-адресов используется для резервирования определенных IP-адресов для определенных устройств путем их привязки к их MAC-адресу. Это полезно, когда у вас есть стационарное устройство, подключенное к вашей сети, к которому вам нужно часто обращаться, например, к принтеру, IP-телефону и т. Д.

В этом разделе отображаются аренды статического IP-адреса, которые в настоящее время существуют на этом устройстве.

Для просмотра раздела Static Lease протокол интерфейса должен быть установлен на Static.

mceclip21.png

 

 

Статический лизинг: настройки
Чтобы перейти на страницу настроек аренды, нажмите кнопку «Изменить», расположенную справа от аренды:

mceclip22.png

 

Вы должны быть направлены к окну, которое выглядит так:

mceclip23.png

Field Value Description
MAC address mac; default: none MAC address of a device that is on this interface's network.
IP address ip; default: none The IP address that will be reserved for the specified device.

Статическая аренда: добавить аренду
Раздел Add Lease используется для создания новых статических аренды. Чтобы создать новый договор аренды, просто введите свое имя и нажмите кнопку «Добавить».

mceclip24.png

Лимит мобильных данных
Раздел «Ограничение мобильных данных» предоставляет вам возможность установить пределы использования данных для интерфейсов вашей мобильной сети и предупреждения об использовании данных с помощью SMS-сообщения, чтобы защитить себя от нежелательных сборов за передачу данных.

Для просмотра раздела «Ограничение мобильных данных» протокол интерфейса должен быть установлен на «Мобильный».

mceclip25.png

Field Value Description
Enable data connection limit off | on; default: off Turns mobile data limitations on or off.
Data limit* (MB) integer; default: 1000 The amount of data that is allowed to be downloaded over the specified period of time. When the limit is reached, the device will no longer be able to establish a data connection until the period is over or the data limit is reset.
Period Month | Week | Day; default: Day Data limit period after which the data counter is reset on the specified Start day.
Start day | Start hour day [1..31] | day [Monday..Sunday] | hour [1..24]; default: hour 0 Specifies when the period of counting data usage should begin. After the period is over, the limit is reset and the count begins over again.
Enable SMS warning off | on; default: off Turns SMS warning on or off. When turned on and configured, sends an SMS message to a specified number after the SIM card uses a specified amount of data.
Data limit* (MB) integer; default: none The received data limit before sending an SMS warning. After reaching using the the amount of data specified in this field, the router will send an SMS warning message to the specified phone number.
Phone number phone number; default: none Recipient's phone numbers.

0 Комментарии

Войдите в службу, чтобы оставить комментарий.
На базе технологии Zendesk